What is Permaculture?
There are as many answers as there are practitioners to the question 'What is Permaculture?' Sometimes it focuses on organic gardening, landscape regeneration and sustainable livestock management. Other times its' focus is on low impact architecture, renewable energy and green economics. These are all elements of Permaculture. Permaculture is a concept, a radical way of thinking which integrates people into natures' design.
"Permaculture is an ethical framework which uses conscious design and ecological principles, that mimic the patterns and relationships found in nature, while yielding an abundance for the provision of local needs." - Randy Mayers.
Where did it come from?
Many of the concepts presented in Permaculture have been practiced by past civilisations who understood that in order to maintain a thriving society indefinitely, they had to not only look after the needs of its people but also the needs of their environment and all that occupied it.
In the 1970s' Bill Mollison and David Holmgren developed a system which was an alternative to the destructive processes of industrial agriculture. By observing and adapting indigenous cultural practices they designed a system of integrating plants and animals to work in harmony while producing abundance. That system, Permaculture, has since then evolved and the model is now applied to all aspects of society.